Scientific name: Crataegus sororia Beadle

Family: Rosaceae; Rose

Flowering period: April 18

Fruiting period: September

Habitat: woody hills, slopes, rocky exposures

Type locality: Hills near Silver Creek in Rome, Georgia

Herbarium specimen: HUH , Cambridge, MA and MO 01827619 St. Louis, MO

Comments: In 1900 this species was discovered in Rome, Georgia by Chauncey D. Beadle (1866-1950), a botanist from Biltmore Herbarium in North Carolina.

Images:
Locality: Lavender Mountain, Mt. Berry, Floyd County, Northwest Georgia, U.S.A.
Date: April 11 and 18 2009; August 20, 2008; March 29, 2009
Herbarium collection on July 17, 2008

Description: A tree 5-7 m tall, with a trunk 1-1.5 dm in diameter, dividing two or three meters above ground into several stout, ascending or spreading branches, which form an oval or rounded head; or usually smaller, 3-4 m in height, forming a large shrub with one or more stems: bark gray, tinged with brown or nearly black, furrowed and broken on the surface into small, persistent scales: branchlets armed with gray or chestnut-brown spines 1.5-3.5 cm long: buds globose, bright reddish-brown: leaves 2-6 cm long, including the petiole, 1-3 cm broad; or on vigorous shoots sometimes 6 cm broad, obovate, round-ovate, or nearly orbicular in outline, or on the shoots even broader than long, with a truncate or subcordate base, acute or rounded at the apex, either gradually narrowed or abruptly contracted at the base and prolonged into margined, glandular petiole 5mm -1.5 cm long, the borders sharply and irregularly serrate and incisely lobed, especially above the middle, the serratures glandular-apiculate; sparingly pubescent when young (at least along the petiole, midrib, and principal veins), becoming glabrous, or with a few hairs in the axils of the prominent veins and bordering the petiole, bright green on the upper surface, paler below, fading in the autumn to tones of yellow and brown, or with occasional dashes of red: flowers which appear in the vicinity of Rome, Georgia (type locality), during the last of April or first of May, and when the leaves are nearly grown, born in pubescent, glandular-bracteate 3-6 flowered corymbs; pedicles 5-15 mm long, sparsely pubescent, bearing one or more pectinately-glandular, caducous bractlets: calyx obconic, usually with a few soft hairs, the divisions 6-8 mm long, glandular-serrate: stamens normally 20: styles 2-5, commonly 3, surrounded at the base with pale hairs: fruit large, globose, 12-18 mm in diameter, red, red and yellow, or yellowish-red, ripening and falling after the middle of September, the flesh thick, soft, and pleasant to the taste: nutlets usually 3, hard and bony, 7-9 mm long, 4-5 mm thick, measured from the back to the inner angle, the lateral faces nearly plane and the back ridged and grooved. Crataegus sororia is related to C. aprica above proposed and to C. flava Aiton, l.t. . From the former it may be separated by the more numerous stamens, larger fruit and calyx segments, and coarser seeds; while from the last named species it differs from accepted figures and descriptions which have been drawn from specimens in cultivation in Europe, in the shape of the fruit and the pubescent corymbs and petioles. The proposed species is abundantly represented on the woody hills, slopes, and rocky exposures, and in old fields from northwestern Georgia and adjacent Alabama southward to Florida.- C.D. Beadle, 1900.

Beadle, C. D. in Flora Of The Southeastern United States by John Kunkel Small, 1903. 535.

Last updated on January 27, 2017.

References :

1. Beadle, Chauncey D. " Studies in Crataegus. II." Botanical Gazette, 30,5 (1900) : 336-337
2. Beadle, Chauncey D. Contribution in John K. Small "Flora Of The Southeastern United States", New York: 1903. 535.
3. Harvard University Herbaria (http://www.huh.harvard.edu/ ). Cambridge, 22 Divinity Avenue, Massachusetts 02138, USA
4. Missouri Botanical Garden's VAST: (http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/vast.html). Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110
5. Images by Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford
6. USDA, NRCS. 2015. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 8 May 2015). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.


HAWTHORNS: FLOYD COUNTY, GEORGIA

HAWTHORNS: CLARKE COUNTY, GEORGIA


© Copyright Zvezdana U. Crawford! 2004-2017.,
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.A.