Crataegus iracunda Beadle, Stolonbearing Hawthorn in the Flatwoods at the Berry College Campus, Mt. Berry, Floyd County,
Northwest Georgia, Southeastern United States.
(March 31, 2007. and September 25, 2007.)
The Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden (NY), New York, NY, confirmed identification of this plant as Crataegus iracunda Beadle NY 1911754 after herbarium specimens of this hawthorn was compared with the Type specimen of Crataegus iracunda Beadle at NY Herbarium.


Scientific name: Crataegus iracunda Beadle
Common name: Stolonbearing Hawthorn
Family: Rosacae; Rose
Origin: Native
Blooming records: on April 23, 1901 in the "Flat woods near Rome";
April 23, 2005, March 31, 2007, and April 08, 2008 in the Flatwoods at the Berry College Campus, Mt. Berry, Georgia
Fruiting period: September
Habitat: flatwoods
Type locality: Flatwoods near Rome, Georgia
Herbarium specimens: Collections at: Cambridge , MA, New York, NY 1911754 , and Washington, DC

Comments: In 1899 this species was discovered in Rome, Georgia by Chauncey D. Beadle (1866-1950), a botanist from the Biltmore Herbarium in North Carolina.


Description: "A large shrub or a slender tree 2-5 m tall, sometimes with a trunk 1 dm in diameter covered with ashy-gray, either smooth or scaly bark, the ascending or rarely spreading branches freely armed with very stout, chestnut-brown or gray spines. Mostly curved spines, or latter on the trunk or stems very numerous and compound; leaves ovate or deltoid, the blades 1.5-6 cm long, 1-6 cm wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, truncate, cordate or occasionally broadly cuneate at the base, the borders sharply serrate and incised; they are bright green and scabrous on the upper surface, pale and glabrous beneath, and when young are pubescent on the upper surface, smooth on the lower, firm in texture, fading with tones of yellow, red and brown: petioles 7 mm- 2 cm long, glabrous, glandular: flowers about 15 mm wide, opening about 20th of April and when the leaves are about one-third grown; they are disposed in simple, 3-7 flowered corymbs which terminate short, leafy shoots: pedicles and hypanthium glabrous: sepals 3-4 mm long, entire or glandular-serrate, reflexed after anthesis: stamens 10, the anthers purple: fruit which ripens and falls in September, subglobose, 8-10 mm thick, at maturity red or red and green, the flesh firm: nutlets 3-5, about 6 mm long, the lateral surface nearly plane: hypostyle 3-4 mm long." -Chauncey D. Beadle, 1902.

Image on the left: Crataegus iracunda Beadle, Stolonbearing Hawthorn in the Flatwoods at the Berry College Campus, Mt. Berry, Floyd County, Georgia
(April 02, 2007.)

Last updated on May 3, 2014.

ACNOWLEDGMENTS:
Ron W. Lance, from North Carolina helped in the fruit's identification of the Crataegus iracunda Beadle, and Tom Zanoni, Senior Collections Manager at the Herbarium of the New York Botanical Garden, NY compared the specimen with the Type specimen collection at NY Herbarium. Their help is very much appreciated.

REFERENCES :
1.Biltmore Botanical Studies, A Journal of Botany, Embracing Papers by The Director and Associates of the Biltmore Herbarium Vol.I. No.I (April 8, 1902) : 124-125
2. Cipollini, Martin L. Personal interview. September 4, 2007., Associate Professor of Biology Department, Berry College, Mt. Berry, GA.
3. Lance, Ron W. Personal interview. August 31, 2007.
4. Lance, Ron W . "The Hawthorns (Crataegus) of Georgia." Tipularia (2006): 15-39.
5. Lipps, Emma, Lewis., and H. R. De Selm. " The Vascular Flora of the Marshall Forest, Rome, Georgia." Castanea 34 (1969) : 414-432.
6. Zanoni, Tom Personal interview. October 10, 2007., Senior Collection Manager, Steere Herbarium, the New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY
7. Ukropina-Crawford Zvezdana Herbarium specimen/No. 116 of Crataegus iracunda Beadle at NY Herbarium and images
8. The New York Botanical Garden Vascular Plant Types Catalog: (http://www.nybg.org/bsci/hcol/vasc/ ), New York Botanical Garden, 200th Street and Kazimiroff Boulevard Bronx, NY 10458

9. USDA, NRCS. The PLANTS Database, (http://plants.usda.gov). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
10. Images by Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford

Botanical Explorations in Floyd County, Georgia
HAWTHORNS: Type specimens (1897-1910)
FLATWOODS: The Floyd County


© Copyright Zvezdana Ukropina-Crawford! 2004-2014.,
Athens, Georgia, U.S.A.